Province to Pilot New Child Policy
The most populace province in China, asked permission from the government to pilot a relaxation program on the controversial one child policy in Guangdong. This is a special status that will allow the province to allow couples to have a second child if either spouse was a single child.
If this is allowed, the province will be the first to have this special arrangement since the institution of the one child policy in 1979. The government has recently been getting a lot of requests to rethink the population policy with economists worried that the country’s economic growth will be negatively impacted by a society that is rapidly aging. Along with a shrinking labor pool and pressures on the social security system, China risks a decrease of a substantial portion of its population.
In the year 2000, some provinces began allowing urban couples to have a second child if both parents were born as single children. Zhang Feng, Guangdong’s family planning chief says that they have submitted an official application to Beijing that will allow them to conduct a pilot version of a revised one child policy.
Guangdong’s population is currently 104 million and the province has already surpassed Henan as the most populous, but allowing more couples to have a second child will have little impact on the overall population, Zhang said. This pilot program is one of the steps of introducing a fine tuned birth control system. The target is for every citizen in the country to have two children, regardless of their background.