Taxation on Real Estate Rental Income in China
Including city-specific details on Chengdu, Guangzhou and Shenzhen
Both Chinese nationals and a foreign individuals are subject to a combination of taxes on real estate rental income: including individual income tax (IIT), business tax (BT), property tax (PT), urban maintenance and construction tax (UMCT) and an education surcharge (ES).
If simply left to adding up all those rates according to each specific tax law, the taxation on individual rental income would end up pretty high. However, in a move to energize China’s housing supply market, the Chinese government began offering some tax incentives starting in 2008. In the “Circular on Taxation Policies Concerning Low-rent Housing, Affordable Housing and Rental Housing (caishui  No. 24).”
The Ministry of Finance and State Administration of Taxation offered the following favorable tax treatment to individuals who rent out their houses:
- IIT on taxable rental income: Imposed at a reduced rate of 10 percent
- Stamp duty on rental contracts: Exempt
- BT on taxable income from rental services: Imposed at a rate of 3 percent and then reduced by half (for individuals and individual businesses, there is an amount of income from services that is BT free. The national BT-free threshold was raised to the range of RMB5,000 – RMB20,000 last year, and the actual thresholds in different regions are determined by local tax authorities)
- PT on rental income: Imposed at a rate of 4 percent
- Urban land use tax on the land occupied by the property: Exempt Following Circular No. 24′s main principles and local governments’ recent announcements on increased BT exemption thresholds for individuals, several Chinese cities have released new standards for individual rental tax (IRT) collection. To simplify the tax imposition process, IRT is often collected at a combined rate, which varies along with the amount of rental income.
In Chengdu, the capital city of southwestern Sichuan Province, the combined IRT rates have been adjusted (according to Chengdu Tax Bureau Announcement  No.1) as follows:
Guangzhou, the capital city of southern Guangdong Province, also begun implementing new combined IRT rates at the end of last year:
In Shenzhen, another key coastal city in Guangdong Province, the new combined IRT rates (starting on November 1, 2011) are as follows: