Minimum Wage Levels Across China
As wage levels in China have recently come under scrutiny (Foxconn, a key supplier for Apple, raised salaries at their China factories by 25 percent earlier this week following international criticism), the country’s actual minimum wage levels have been in place for decades and have been rapidly rising across the board.
The Chinese government, as a matter of national policy, has been increasing minimum wage levels by 15 percent to 25 percent annually for the past three years. Rates vary by region and are set by each respective local government – calculated in tandem with a number of other indicators, including relations to the local housing market. They are also set to rise over the coming years as China looks to shift its economy towards a more balanced consumer society. To achieve that goal, Chinese citizens need to have increasing levels of disposable income.
How this is manifesting itself is an interesting case study that is perhaps best and most easily-defined by the map and accompanying table below. With such visual aids, it is easy to see at a glance that the well-known coastal provinces boast relatively higher minimum wage levels than the more slow-to-develop western areas. However, there are local anomalies. Haikou, the capital city of Hainan Province, maintains a minimum wage lower than that of Kashgar for example. The map below is color-coded based on the current minimum wage levels in the downtown area of each region’s respective capital city. That means for Fujian Province we used Fuzhou and not Xiamen as the key indicator, and for Guangdong Province we used Guangzhou and not Shenzhen. For specific city-by-city figures, the table below lists the minimum wage levels of 50 major cities across China.
Minimum wages are of course the legal minimum, and increasingly in China are not applicable in any sensible business model – assuming one wishes to retain workers. Also important to note is that, on top of wages, employers must also contribute mandatory social welfare benefits for each of its employees. This again varies by region, but can add an additional 40 percent to 50 percent on top of each Chinese employee’s base salary. We covered all this in detail yesterday in our article “Mandatory Social Welfare Benefits for Chinese Employees.”