Commission to Fine Tune One Child Policy
According to a former minister for the National Population and Family Planning Commission, the government is now fine tuning the one child policy. The commission along with population research institutes gave assessment reports and plans that concerns policy changes to the government.
One of the key areas of change will be on the criteria for urban couples that have a second child. Currently only parents who are an only child themselves are only allowed to have a second child. And under the proposed changes couples now can have a second child if one of them is not an only child. The population policy is always been taken into account the demographic changes but fine tuning must be done gradually and situations in different areas must be considered. The relax policy will first be implemented in more develop regions that are facing demographic challenges such as an aging population and an influx in migrant workers.
The national fertility rate stands at 1.7 which is far below the replacement level of 2.1 and even with the relaxing of the policy there won’t be a sharp rise in the population. The ideal fertility rate should be around 1.8.
During the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, president Hu Jintao said that the country must adhere to the basic policy of family planning, to improve the health of newborns, while slowly improving the population policy and promoting long term and a balanced population growth.