Cities Needs to Resolve Registration Obstacles to Facilitate Orderly Migration
Based on a report given by the National Development and Reform Commission is saying that in order to facilitate the orderly migration of people from rural to urban areas government of small cities and town needs to resolve the household registration obstacles.
The head of National Development and Reform Commission Xu Shaoshi presented the reports during the four-day bi-monthly session of the county’s top legislature. He also said that not only these small town and cities needs to change these obstacles but medium and big cities should also lower their hukou obstacles as well.
China’s household registration system splits its population into rural and nonrural residents to prevent rural migrants that are living in cities from enjoying the same social services that urbanites enjoy. The report also said that priority should be set in making migrant workers into urban citizens by offering equal access to urban public services.
The report also included several urbanization problems ranging from the inefficient use of urban land and by restraining resources and environmental capacities of these cities. Hukou was been blamed as the top contributor for the widening gap between rural and urban residents.
Hukou has long been blamed as the top contributor to the widening gap between urban and rural residents. The hukou system was set up in 1958 in efforts to control mass urbanization and has effectively divided the population in two the have nots which is the rural housholds and the haves who are the urban households. Based on the system rural citizens have little access to social welfare in cities and have restrictions from receiving public services ranging from medical care, education, employment and housing.