Commission to do Revisions to Modify Urban and Rural Hukou
The minister of National Development and Reform Commission Xu Shaoshi had promised to revise and improve policy suggestions on urbanization that the commission submitted to the State Council last June. Xu made the statement during the first internal conference.
His stances in the decision to do revisions only confirm the predictions of the central government that will slowly modify all urban and rural hukou instead of canceling the system. Last June the commission suggested that the government must lift completely the hukou control in small towns and cities a move to ease restrictions in middle level cities while slowly widening the conditions to apply hukou to big cities, the commission also suggested a revising the conditions for hukou applications in large cities. Experts have believed that the government approach to the hukou issue indirectly that provides farmers with property income and basic welfare treatment.
The hukou reform is one of the desired results of rural land reform, social security and urbanization. Although the 18th Central Committee did not mention it but instead stressed that a balance distribution of public resources and social welfare equalization. A clear road map and direction is laid out to breakdown the hukou based structure by addressing the disparity in the welfare.
Experts believe that the equalization of public services is the government direct response to the desire of hukou reform especially to migrant workers. The country has more than 300 million migrant workers and most of then left their farmland untouched to find work in cities even without the privilege of having a hukou.