Ministry Releases New Guidelines in Hukou Reform
The Ministry of Public Security along with eleven other ministries and commissions drafted a reform plan and released new guidelines for the hukou or household registration system in China. once the new guidelines is approved by the central government it will be immediately place into effect as the country plans to create a new hukou system by 2020.
The vice minister for public security said that the new hukou system will extend several services such as education, health care and pensions to qualified residents in both urban and rural settings. In equalities in the old hukou system prevented migrant workers in enjoying equal benefits and access to services in the cities, which created a major barrier in the country’s plan of urbanization. As of the moment there are around 260 million migrant workers living in the city that are not enjoying the benefits of residents holding a urban hukou. The new hukou system is based on the person place of work and residency instead of the previous rule of birth place, thus making it easier for them to transfer their hukou.
The main task of the hukou reform is to resolve the problem of people working in the city but is not holder of an urban hukou. The reforms will be based on the individual’s choice and the government will not force any residents to change their hukou status. During the urbanization work last week, the government promised to create a steady move that will promote a human centered urbanization which seeks to balance out urban and rural development.
The government is promising to completely remove the hukou restrictions in towns and small cities and gradually ease the restrictions in mid sized cities which will allow reasonable conditions for migrant workers in settling in big cities while controlling the population in mega cities.