Bill on Family Planning Policy Shelved for Further Review
The bill that allows couples to have two children if either parent was an only child was shelved by top legislature for further review the State Council and the Cabinet submitted a bill that will adjust the family planning policy in the country in the bi monthly session of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress. The council have argued that the adjustments on the family planning policy is need to fight the declining birth rate and changes in the demographic structure,
The birth rate remained low and shows a tendency to be reduced further. The birth rate dropped between 1.5 and 1.6 since 1990s that means that a Chinese woman of child bearing age can give birth to 1.5 to 1.6 children in average. If the current family planning policy is still to be continued the birth rate will fall further and will lead to a drop in the total pollution once its reach their peak. In 2012 the country working population started to drop by 3 million annually and is likely to drop even further by 8 million annually by 2023. Furthermore the population aged 60 and above will hit 400 million and will account for one fourth of the total population in 2030.
To adopt to the new circumstances and meet expectations the country needs to adjust its current policies in family planning. Now is the time to change the policy as the birth rate is stable and the population of the working class is big and the burden to support the aging elderly is light. Changing the policy will also pave the way to allow the country to allow couples to have two children when the timing is right.
For the first quarter of 2014 the commission along with provinces and regions can start implementing the policy change. The State Council is saying that the provincial congress can make amends in the local family planning regulations or create special acts once an evaluation of the local demographic.