Country to Find Solutions to Shrinking Wetland Problems
Since 2003, China’s wetlands has shrunk to nearly 9 percent as the food production, industrial activity and energy output has already aggravated water scarcity in a country is already being pressured for it water shortages. China has more than a fifth of the population n the world and only 6 percent of its freshwater resources especially in the north is facing severe water distress.
In 2003 the wetlands totaled more than 340,000 square kilometers which is an area larger than the Netherlands is slowly disappearing. Further investigation has shown that the country is faced with problems on wetland protection as loopholes in the protection law imperil the country’s already shrinking wetlands. These lost wetlands areas are already been converted into agricultural lands that are already been swallowed by large infrastructure projects or is being degraded by the climate changes.
Water shortage is now of the major issue in China and its scarcity is starting to endanger the economic growth and social stability, also the country is setting aside US4660 billion to finance the projects in hopes to boost the water supply. Wetlands contain a large amount of fresh water resources for China and the receding wetlands leaves less water available in the long term. Furthermore the water shortage will and pressure and increase competition for water.
70 percent of energy production in China depends on water intensive coal power even with the use of alternatives coal uses still grows 2 to 3 percent year on year for the next five years. A study showed that water shortages in several regions potentially pit energy production against agricultural and the residents basic need for clean water.