China to Implement Nuclear Security Law by 2018
China is planning to enact a nuclear security law by 2018 as the country is fast building new nuclear power plants which target a higher security standard. A member of the Environmental Protection and Resources Conservation Committee of the National People’s Congress said that the first draft of the law is expected to be introduced later this year.
The draft will then pass through a second and third reading in the next couple of years, as the congress is planning to enact the law within the term of the National People’s Congress in which the term will end in 2018. Security remained the top priority which came after the meltdown of the Japan Fukushima Daiichi Plant after a massive earthquake and tsunami came three years ago.
This ended a long debates on whether to introduce a third generation nuclear technology after the State Council approved the nuclear security plan and a medium to long term nuclear development plan in October 2012 that will end in 2020. The two plans stated that the new nuclear reactors in China should adopt the highest global standard which is third generation technology. The Chinese government should also imposed a moratorium on the approval of inland nuclear reactor projects.
A third generation nuclear technology is what World Nuclear Association states a passive safety features which require no active controls in intervention in hopes to avoid any accidents during an event of malfunctions. These safety features rely on gravity and natural convection and resistance to very high temperatures. Most reactors around the world are using these safety features that require specific action by nuclear operators.