Migration Reforms to Help More than 100 Million Rural Workers in the Country
To push it urbanization program the city is ensuring an orderly migration of some 100 million rural workers in the city by 2020 by expanding its social welfare and giving more job opportunities. Chinese leaders promised to loosen its grip on hukou or residence registration by trying to remove obstacles in their urbanization drive. This type of registration is preventing migrant workers and families to gain access to education and social welfare outside of their home towns.
The country is aiming to have 60 percent of the population of 1.4 billion to live in cities by 2020 and turn millions of rural dwellers into consumers that can be a driving force in the world’s second largest economy. The governments promised an orderly transfer of the rural population into urban area as the household registration is loosen in smaller cities faster as based on a reformed guide by the State Council.
The country has 269 million rural migrant workers which includes 166 million who are already in the city. this prompted local governments to create a differentiated household registration policy that will be based on abilities of absorbing migrants and in providing public services. Migrants can settle in small cities freely since the household registration will be abolished, but will be loosen in medium cities in an orderly way.
Furthermore the number of migrants moving into big cities that have population of 3 to 5 million will be controlled appropriately, while movements into mega cities with more than 5 million will be strictly controlled. The new policies will be in favor of rural migrants that have worked in cities for a certain period of time and workers with skills and competitive in the labor market.