Ports to be Given Government Subsidies for Energy Saving Measures
The city is planning to shell out 200 million yuan every year and subsidize energy saving and emission reducing measure that will be implemented at ports and shipping companies. These planned measures are eligible to government subsidies ranging from constructing, using onshore power supply facilities and upgrades to low sulfur fuel. Ports and shipping companies are given the liberty to chose if they will adopt these new measures or not.
Shenzhen is the third largest container port in the world and port and ship emissions is fast becoming one of the major sources of air pollutant in the city. most of the berths in Shenzhen ports are being powered by heavy oil which contains around 3 percent sulfur and emits around 16,000 tons of sulfur dioxide a year or 65 percent of the city’s total. Using onshore power supplies during berthing along with low sulfur fuel will surely reduce the amount of emissions. But it is difficult to ask for the use of onshore power supplies since it will bring additional cost to shipping companies but easier to promote the use of low sulfur fuel.
Although government subsidies is not the answer to fix the pollution problems its one of the most effective way to fight it as most countries are transferring from voluntary changes to compulsory ones.
The fourth largest container port Hong Kong is also making law to restrict ship and port emissions as the city is planning to subsidized port and shipping companies to voluntarily carry out energy saving and emission reduction measures.