Drafted Law on Proposed Environmental Tax Submitted for Public Opinion
The State Council and China’s cabinet released a draft law on environmental taxes for public opinion in which it proposes business taxes for pollutants, noise and solid wastes. Set rates of 1.2 yuan on a stipulated quantity of air pollutants is made, 1.4 yuan stipulated quantity of water pollutants and 5to 30 yuan for every ton of different kinds of solid waste. Meanwhile proposed rates of 350 to 11,200 yuan on various industrial noises that will be based on decibel levels.
Rates are doubled for emissions in excess of the stipulated amount, plus taxes may be halved if emissions are found to be below that national standard. Provincial governments are also given the authority to raise rates taking local environmental conditions into account. The drafted law was written by the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Environmental Protection and the State Administration of Taxation in hopes to promote energy saving and an environmentally friendly industrial system.
Instead of imposed tax on polluters, China collects a pollutant discharge fee that is equal to the standard tax amount in the drafted law. For every outlet of waste air and water, authorities will be able to tax the major pollutants but may reach five if the pollutants are heavy metals. Still provincial governments are still allowed to increase the categories of pollutants that will be subject to taxation that is based on special needs.
Based on the draft the tax will not include pollutants from agriculture except those coming from large scale animal husbandry and mobile pollution sources from motor vehicles, locomotives, ships, aircrafts and non road mobile machinery as long as the pollutants are still within national standard. Emissions from urban sewage and refuse treatment plants are also exempted.